The Search, chapter one of Genesis and the Big Bang by Gerald L. Schroeder, Ph.D., begins with a debate between the author and his eight-year-old son, Joshua, regarding the age of the universe. Is the universe roughly fifty-seven centuries old, as Biblical literalists claim, or is it fifteen billion years old, as cosmologists and geologists and a bunch of other -ologists claim? Schroeder says,
As I have studied the details of biblical and scientific texts [twenty-five years and three decades, respectively], I have reached what was for me an enlightening and unexpected conclusion: The biblical narrative and the scientific account of our genesis are two mutually compatible descriptions of the same, single, and identical reality.
Schroeder’s theory, may seem a bit outrageous, but upon closer inspection, he might actually be on to something, as hopefully you will see for yourself, as you read this blog series, or better yet, as you read Schroeder’s book. His sources include the publications of physicists, cosmologists, geophysicists, biologists, molecular chemists, as well as the Pentateuch (a.k.a. the Torah or the Five Books of Moses) and biblical commentaries from “long before the advent of modern physics” to “avoid the folly of using interpretations of tradition that may have been biased by modern scientific discoveries”:
Onkelos (ca. C.E. 150)
Rashi, Solomon ben Isaac (ca. C.E. 1040-1105)
Maimonides, Moses ben Maimon, a.k.a Rambam (C.E. 1135-1204)
Nahmanides, Moses ben Nahman, a.k.a. Ramban (C.E. 1194-1270)